India is the land of festivals. The year 2018 starts with Makar Sankranti (14th January) that is officially the onset of spring. Mainly a harvest festival, Makar Sankranti is celebrated throughout the country. In the southern states like Tamil Nadu, this day is known as Pongal, in Gujarat and Rajasthan it is known as Uttarayana and in Haryana and Punjab as Maghi.

While most Hindu festival dates are based on the lunar calendar and follow the moon’s position, it is not the case with Makar Sankranti. Based on the solar calendar, it is one of those festivals that fall on the same day every year. It marks the movement (Sankranti means movement) of the sun in the Capricorn (Makar) sign.

2018 Makar Sankranti Muhurat
Punya Kaal: 2 PM to 5:57 PM
Mahapunya Kaal: 2 PM to 2:24 PM

Makar Sankranti Puja and Rituals

Makar Sankranti puja is usually performed after sunrise. You need to place a coconut on a tray along with betel nuts (सुपारी) and leaves. Sprinkle some holy water on it. Light the lamp and pray to Lord Ganesha for happiness, good health and prosperity. Also remember Lord Sun, offer Naivedhya to him.

After performing the puja, Naivedhya (the food offered to deity) is distributed among people. It is considered auspicious to offer charity or Dakshina of 14 items such as blankets, fans, thermos flasks, torches and utensils to 14 brahmins.

The day of Sankranti is considered to be the symbol of ethics, virtue and religion but the night is considered evil. Hence, you should perform all auspicious deeds during the day time, especially during the Punya Kaal Muhurat if possible.


There are different legends behind Makar Sankranti celebration.

  • As per the Puranas, it is believed that Lord Sun visits his son, Lord Shani (the lord of Makar zodiac sign) on this day. This day celebrates the bond shared between a father and a son.
  • Some believe that Makar Sankranti celebrates the victory of Lord Vishnu over the Asuras. Lord Vishnu ended the tension caused by Asuras on Prithvi Lok by cutting their heads off and burying them under Mandara Parwat.
  • Makar Sankranti is also known as the harvest festival, meant to celebrate the fresh harvest of the season. Pongal is celebrated in Tamil Nadu to acknowledge the hard work and contribution of farm animals to gain fruitful harvest every year.

Kite Flying

In Gujarat and Rajasthan, people celebrate Makar Sankranti as Uttarayan by flying kites. They celebrate together while feasting on til-gur, sesame, jaggery, peanuts and pakodis. These kites that fill the sky with colours are a symbol of happiness and joy!

The year has just begun. To know how will your 2018 turn out, visit Get your 2018 Horoscope Today or consult Pt. Pawan Kaushik for a detailed report. Call him on +91-9990176000

Posted in Festivals, Important Dates